The aim of the Comprehensive Surgery is to publish original research articles of the highest scientific and clinical value at the international level in all surgical fields. This journal is indexed by indices that are considered international scientific journal indices (DRJI, ESJI, OAJI, etc.). According to the current Associate Professorship criteria, it is within the scope of International Article 1-d. Each article published in this journal corresponds to 5 points.

EndNote Style
Original Article
Comparison of the decompressive craniectomy results in patients with ischemic stroke and acute subdural hematoma and determination of prognostic markers
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effectiveness of decompressive craniectomy in patients with traumatic acute subdural hematoma and stroke patients and to determine the parameters that could predict the risk of mortality in these patients.
Methods: Patients diagnosed and operated on with acute subdural hematoma (ASH) or stroke between January 2022 and September 2023 were grouped into the ASH group and the CVO group. The patients were also divided into DEAD and SURVIVED groups according to mortality. Age, gender, anisocoria, the area of the craniectomy field, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), length of stay in the hospital, and Glasgow Outcome Scale scores were recorded. In addition, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, the amount of midline shift, and the blood biochemistry results were recorded pre-and postoperatively.
Results: This study consisted of 11 (5 male and 6 female) patients. Sex, preoperative GCS score, anisocoria, postoperative sedation anesthesia time, postoperative GCS score, duration of stay in the ICU, preoperative serum blood urine nitrogen, preoperative serum C-reactive protein (CRP), postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and postoperative CRP values were different between the ASH and CVO groups (p<0.05). Furthermore, the preoperative GCS score, postoperative GCS score, postoperative sedation anesthesia duration, postoperative serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and postoperative serum CRP level values were different between the DEAD and SURVIVED groups (p<0.05). The correlation analysis results revealed a positive correlation between mortality and preoperative GCS score and a negative correlation between mortality and anisocoria (p<0.05). The ROC-curve analysis revealed that preoperative GCS and postoperative GCS score, postoperative midline shift, postoperative serum AST level value, and postoperative serum CRP level value could predict mortality risk (p<0.05). However, Logistic Regression analysis showed that any study parameter could be used as the best marker for prediction of the postoperative mortality risk (p>0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that decompressive craniectomy may offer more satisfactory results in severe head trauma patients. It was also argued that preoperative and postoperative GCS scores, postoperative midline shift values, and postoperative serum AST and CRP level values could be used to predict mortality risk.

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Volume 1, Issue 4, 2023
Page : 85-95